COULD THERE BE ANOTHER WORLD INSIDE THE SPHERE OF THE PLANET EARTH?
The notion that the planet Earth is, in some part, hollow, is an ancient one and there are numerous references to this in texts, in art and in literature, still extant, throughout the recorded history of civilisation. The geological theory for the
creation of the planet Earth is explained in Wikipedia: "Earth formed about 4.54 billion years ago by accretion from the solar nebula, a disk-shaped mass of dust and gas left over from the formation of the Sun, which also created the rest of the
Solar System. Earth was initially molten due to extreme volcanism and frequent collisions with other bodies. Eventually, the outer layer of the planet cooled to form a solid crust when water began accumulating in the atmosphere...Outgassing and
volcanic activity produced the primordial atmosphere. Condensing water vapor, augmented by ice delivered from comets, produced the oceans.". This essential scientific account is very interesting but it hardly explains what the Earth means,
or helps us to understand in any way where our place is as its inhabitants. Thankfully there is a wealth of texts and artefacts and stories which offer further insight into the mysteries of the planet Earth. One of the most enduring mysteries is
of the hidden King Rigden Jyepo of the Kingdom of Shambhala. As we shall see later this ancient legend has become, in the West, woven with the personality and adventures of the Russian explorer and mystic Nicholas Roerich. It is seven suggested
by some that during the adventures which preceded the Second World War, a special unit of the German SS, known as the Anenherbe, visited a Tibetan master, or adept, and obtained from him knowledge of a pathway that would lead to the ancient inner
earth and to the halls of its Master, the legendary King known Rigden Jyopi. In summary, Shambhala is a City which is the seat of a very great and powerful King. He reigns over a people whose knowledge and abilities far exceed those of the people
who live upon the surface of the Earth. Shambhala is said to exist not merely in some distant location upon the Earth but in fact within its interior. It is also said that at some time in the future the great King Rigden Jyepo will return to the
surface world ahead of an army whose object will be the defeat of evil. It is believed that there may be practicable entrances to Shambhala in the remote East and attempts have been made to find them. There is even a legend of a group of buddhist
monks who entered the path to Shambhala from an unknown mountain cave system and they were never seen again upon the Earth. Yet Shambhala is by no means the only hidden Kingdom of which Legend speaks. The lands of Hyperborea and Ultima Thule are
also well attested among the germanic peoples. After years of studying the many legends and modern theories of the existence of a high civilsation of the inner earth, AOAS have concluded that it is possible that one or more inner earth civilisations
exist, or, that they have existed in the past. We believe that there are numerous entraces in locations around the globe which lead to extensive and largely unknown cave systems, from which are tunnels that indeed connect with whatever remains of
ancient and hidden high civilisations. Whatever you do believe do not forget that the vast surface of our familiar Earth, as wide and as expansive as it appears to be, is but one layer on the exterior of a much greater and more massive body. We
are but men and women. We did not create the Earth or create its riches and its mysteries. Why should there not be an Inner Earth?
JULES GABRIEL VERNE
The modern world owes a great debt to the creative intellect of the Frenchman Jules Gabriel Verne. His wonderful novel 'A Journey to the Centre of the Earth' has been so widely read that almost every European is familiar with the notion of a separate
civilisation or wilderness contained in the core of our Earth. In his book Verne distilled the importance and the mystery of the inner earth. When Verne wrote his story the fascinating worlds of geology and science had coated the long-held biblical
story of the Creation of Man and of the World. The very fictional nature of Verne's work is a constant reminder to the intellect that if the world which Verne describes is but a story to be told, then why is it so important to us? Why was it echoed
over time, in literature, the arts, in radio and theatre? Why do we still read it and draw pleasure from the ideas on which it is built? Is it not because we want to believe that there is an inner earth and that its discovery and exploitation will
reinvigorate a deep and somewhat lost sense of high mystery and of an ancient secret and of a world so extraordinary and mysterious that it can ignite within all of us a flame of primal, undeniable wonderment? It has even been suggested that Jules
Verne did not merely write his stories of adventure but that in fact he also lived these adventures, before he wrote about them. This in fact has also been said of H G Wells, the author of The Time Machine who has been accused of actually
being a time traveller. It is worth mentioning here that Jules Gabriel Verne is associated with a number of other mysteries. The author Michael Lamy in his 2007 book 'The Secret Messages of Jules Verne' discusses Verne's connections to Freemasonry
and the Rosicrucian order and explores the idea that Verne used his stories in order to encode and prserve ancient secret knowledge and sacred symbolism. The concept of an author 'encoding' hidden knowledge in his work recurrs throughout the field.
An interesting contrast with Verne's legends are the more recent legends of the 'Deep Underground Military Base' (D.U.M.B.). A new 'hidden' inner world, deep beneath the mundane surface that we know. Here the protagonists are not Gentlemen but high-level
military personnel and the mileu is said to be of high technology and of non-human entities. AOAS remark that well over a hundred years since Verne's story was published the meaning of the Earth and the origins of ancient civilisation are still
as unknown and as unexplained as ever. What is also still the same is the spirit of adventure in the persons of men and women in these days who long to discover further evidence, lying somewhere on the surface of the Earth, that will one day reveal
the truth of the legends and wonders and the mysteries of Shambhala and the Hollow Earth. AOAS remark that for as long as we are born upon this Earth never will the desire for knowledge cease and ever will some people strive to uncover and to reveal
the truth. We do not believe that the world is but a side-effect of science: The mind and the heart are as the threads of the fabric of the Earth.
A LONG HISTORY OF THE INNER EARTH: With legends about an inner earth separated from the surface life that is so familiar to us, having been told for centuries if not for millennia, is it not possible that there is some truth to these stories?
What about the ancient hindu texts and the legends of great King of Shambhala, retold centuries later by the Russian adventurer Nicholas Roerich? And it is not a matter excusively for the Eastern world. What of the Green Children of Woolpit
and their inner terrestrial home somewhere deep under England? Do these legends link in any way with other more modern legends as with those of the Deep Underground Military Bases in which secret experiments are rumoured to be conducted in secret?
The Hollow Earth is a pseudoscience concept proposing that the planet Earth either is entirely hollow or otherwise contains a substantial interior space. The scientific community has dismissed the notion since at least the late 18th century. The concept
of a hollow Earth recurs many times in folklore and as the premise for subterranean fiction, and a subgenre of adventure fiction (Journey to the Center of the Earth, At the Earth's Core). It is also featured in some present-day pseudoscientific
and conspiracy theories. In ancient times, the concept of a subterranean land inside the Earth appeared in mythology, folklore and legends. The idea of subterranean realms seemed arguable, and became intertwined with the concept of "places" of origin
or afterlife, such as the Greek underworld, the Nordic Svartálfaheimr, the Christian Hell, and the Jewish Sheol (with details describing inner Earth in Kabalistic literature, such as the Zohar and Hesed L'Avraham). The idea of a subterranean realm
is also mentioned in Tibetan Buddhism belief. According to one story, there is an ancient city called Shamballa which is located inside the Earth.
According to the Ancient Greeks, there were caverns under the surface which were entrances leading to the underworld, some of which were the caverns at Tainaron in Lakonia, at Trozien in Argolis, at Ephya in Thesprotia, at Herakleia in Pontos, and
in Ermioni. In Thracian and Dacian legends, it is said that there are underground chambers occupied by an ancient God called Zalmoxis. In Mesopotamian religion there is a story of a man who, after traveling through the darkness of a tunnel
in the mountain of "Mashu", entered a subterranean garden. Chapel, bell tower and penitential beds on Station Island. The bell tower stands on a mound that is the site of a cave which, according to various myths, is an entrance to a place of purgatory
inside the Earth. The cave has been closed since October 25, 1632. In Celtic mythology there is a legend of a cave called "Cruachan," also known as "Ireland's gate to Hell," a mythical and ancient cave from which according to legend strange creatures
would emerge and be seen on the surface of the Earth. There are also stories of medieval knights and saints who went on pilgrimages to a cave located in Station
Island, County Donegal in Ireland, where they made journeys inside the Earth into a place of purgatory. In County Down, Northern Ireland there is a myth which says tunnels lead to the land of the subterranean Tuatha Dé Danann, a group of people
who are believed to have introduced Druidism to Ireland, and then went back underground. Hindu mythology, the underworld is referred to as Patala. In the Hindu epic Ramayana, it has been depicted how Rama and Lakshmana were taken by the king of
the underworld Ahiravan, brother of the demon king Ravana. Later on they were rescued by Hanuman. The Angami Naga tribes of India claim that their ancestors emerged in ancient times from a subterranean land inside the Earth. The Taino from Cuba
believe their ancestors emerged in ancient times from two caves in a mountain underground. Natives of the Trobriand Islands believe that their ancestors had come from a subterranean land through a cavern hole called "Obukula". Mexican folklore
also tells of a cave in a mountain five miles south of Ojinaga, and that Mexico is possessed by devilish c reatures who came from inside the Earth. In the middle ages ...
How delightful it is that history and culture present, as a gift to all mankind, explorers and adventurers who live lives which are interesting, new and which inspire wonderment. Of the many legends and biographies of modern times, there are few which
are so important to the discourse on the existence of an inner earth than the legend and biography of the Russian artist and adventurer Nicholas Roerich. Roerich is associated with the mysteries of the East and especially with the legends and histories
of the region of Tibet. His expedition to Asia is in a sense a metaphor for the modern intellect and the conquering of the mental mountains, in order to arrive at a high undestanding of the spiritual and mundane nature of the experience of the world.
He was a prolific artist, poet and writer and much of his work is preserved in the Roerich Museum in New York. He was also a principled man and an activist in the cause of the preservation of artistic works in times of war. He was nominated several
time for The Nobel Peace Prize. Yet it is in Roerich's quest for the lost kingdom of Shambhalla for which AOAS most regard him. Shambhalla is the sacred and lost kingdom which legend says exists deep within the earth. It is said to be a civilisation
of great power and spiritual, social and technological achievement. In studying the many legends of the West and East AOAS concluded that Shambhalla, often known also as 'Agartha' is not only real but that it is the very same world, known in other
cultural traditions, as 'Hyperboria' and that is closely related to the greatest of all lost civilisations known to the Western mind: that of the Kingdom of Atlantis. From his book Shambhala: ' “Lama, tell me of Shambhala!”. “But you Westerners know
nothing about Shambhala—you wish to know nothing. Probably you ask only out of curiosity; and you pronounce this sacred word in vain.”. “Lama, I do not ask about Shambhala aimlessly. Everywhere, people know of this great symbol under different names.
Our scientists seek each spark concerning this remarkable realm. Csoma de Koros knew of Shambhala, when he made his prolonged visit to the Buddhist monasteries. Grunwedel translated the book of the famous Tashi Lama, Pal-den ye-she, about ‘The Way
to Shambhala.’ We sense how, under secret symbols, a great truth is concealed. Truly, the ardent scientist desires to know all about Kalachakra.” (ch. Shambhala the Resplendent). Of the King of Shambhala, he writes: “Like a diamond glows the
light on the Tower of Shambhala. He is there—Rigden-jyepo, indefatigable, ever vigilant in the cause of mankind. His eyes never close. And in his magic mirror he sees all events of earth. And the might of his thought penetrates into far-off lands.
Distance does not exist for him; he can instantaneously bring assistance to worthy ones. His powerful light can destroy all darkness. His immeasurable riches are ready to aid all needy ones who offer to serve the cause of righteousness. He may even
change the karma of human beings…” (ibid). It is believed by AOAS that an entrance into Shambhalla is located in at least one location in the Himalayas and that there are several other entrances located around the world. AOAS encourage you
to learn more about Nicholas Roerich.
THE GREEN CHILDREN OF WOOLPIT
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the heir to a great many legends and mysteries but perhaps one of the greatest and most extraordinary of all is the legend of the Green Children of Woolpit. From Wikipedia: "The legend of the
green children of Woolpit concerns two children of unusual skin colour who reportedly appeared in the village of Woolpit in Suffolk, England, some time in the 12th century, perhaps during the reign of King Stephen. The children, brother and sister,
were of generally normal appearance except for the green colour of their skin. They spoke in an unknown language, and would only eat raw broad beans. Eventually they learned to eat other food and lost their green pallor, but the boy was sickly and
died soon after he and his sister were baptised. The girl adjusted to her new life, but she was considered to be "rather loose and wanton in her conduct". After she learned to speak English, the girl explained that she and her brother had come from
Saint Martin's Land, a subterranean world inhabited by green people. The only near-contemporary accounts are contained in William of Newburgh's Historia rerum Anglicarum and Ralph of Coggeshall's Chronicum Anglicanum, written in about 1189 and 1220
respectively. Between then and their rediscovery in the mid-19th century, the green children seem to surface only in a passing mention in William Camden's Britannia in 1586, and in Bishop Francis Godwin's fantastical The Man in the Moone in the
early 17th century, in both of which William of Newburgh's account is cited. Two approaches have dominated explanations of the story of the green children: that it is a folktale describing an imaginary encounter with the inhabitants of another
world, perhaps subterranean or even extraterrestrial, or it is a garbled account of a historical event. The story was praised as an ideal fantasy by the English anarchist poet and critic Herbert Read in his English Prose Style, published in 1931.
It provided the inspiration for his only novel, The Green Child, written in 1934.". Is it not possible that not only are the accounts true, but that somewhere in the world there is physical evidence, waiting to be found, which will identify the green
girl and her descendents? With advances in genetic genealogy, will we not one day be able to identify a new species of human? And what about this legendary St Martin's Land? A Christian land or one of a Christian heritage perhaps? A hidden world inhabited
by green skinned people who look much like us? It is extraordinary and it is extraordinary to consider that if the green children, by whatever unusual circumstances and some ardour, reached England, in the medieval period, that the same and perhaps
even other paths and routes between these two distant lands might still exist and be traversable. We recommend that you take the opportunity, at least once in your lifetime, to visit Woolpit Village and make a survey of the possible sites for the
tunnel from which the Green Children emerged. ...READ MORE.
Of the many stories about the hollow earth it is sometimes said that there are ancient tunnels, with cavernous rooms, seated many many miles below the surface of the Earth which we know. These halls are said to contain artefacts which date from some
long forgotten epoch, in which time, men and creatures who were not men, lived and thrived in the underdark. One of the core components of the new age conspiracy attests to the existence of a high technology, evidence of which is contained in these
shadowy and hidden places. One of the currents of the so-called Hidden or 'Black' Government discourse asserts that the modern day United States military, through its various intelligence organisations and units secretly controls, harnesses and regulates
that same high and secret technology. In connection with this stream it is said that there are many top secret military facilities, located in positions all around the globe, which connect with an ancient 'Hollow Earth' and in which exists undeniable
evidence of both Extraterrestrial and 'Intraterrestrial' life and technologies. Before his death Philip Schneider lectured around the world. He claimed that he was a retired professional geologist, who had been employed by the secret government in
the US in major construction projects involving nuclear-powered boring machines in the creation of massive military tunnel networks and in the adaption of existing tunnels, which were ancient, historic and possibly pre-historic. A victim of cancer,
which he claimed to be the result of receiving a wound from an extraterrestrial 'laser' type weapon, alongside a US Delta Force detachment, he spoke in nervous tones at length that he was expecting to be assasinated by elements in the US military
and political institutions who were unhappy with his wish to disclose to the American public the truth of the extent of these bases and their technology. From the Al Bielek website: "He had a Rhyolite security clearance - the highest every to come
out and tell it like it is. His work as a geologist for the government took him to over 70 countries and put him direct contact with the Alien Greys. He was one of three people to survive the 1979 fire fight between the large Greys and U.S. intelligence
and military forces at Dulce underground base. In May 1995, Phil Schneider did a lecture on what he had discovered. Seven months later he was tortured and killed by those for whom he had previously worked. This man's final acts should not go unnoticed."
(READ MORE). The idea that the US Military and by implication the Military of other nation states operates in association with extra-terrestrial entities in the
context of shadowy and secret subterranean bases is an important theme in the world of conspiracies. AOAS remark that whether Phil Schneider's claims were all genuine, or not, he certainly seemed to be a very genuine and good hearted American man.
The theme of operatives being murdered to silence them or for their breach of a duty of secrecy is very common. Although it is perhaps unproved and a conspiracy theory in itself, it does at least impress upon us the power of knowledge and information
and the need ever in life to treat knowledge and especially a secret knowledge, with a particular respect and with great care.
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Underground bases and tunnels
What is the government trying to hide? There are more underground government bases than you think, and more involved than just planning for a world war. Government documents and corporate records have been studied by the author and provide the foundations
for his exploration of these underground tunnels and bases, with black and white photos and diagrams included in an unusual...
The Hollow Globe by M L Sherman
The central idea contained in the following work and the one that most of these chapters are designed to substantiate is, that this globe is constructed in the form of a hollow sphere, with a shell some thirty to forty miles in thickness, and that
the interior surface which is a beautiful world in a more highly developed...
The Smoky God by William George Emerson
This is another classic fictional hollow earth adventure. The narrator, Olaf Jansen, is a Norwegian who sails with his father deep into the northern ice. There they sail over the lip of the hollow earth, and into the inner world, lit by a dim central
sun (the 'smoky god' of the title). The inhabitants are an advanced race of giants who have ...
ADMIRAL RICHARD E BYRD
An interesting link to the claims made by the late Phil Schneider is the story of the United States Admiral Richard E Byrd and to an expedition which he led to the Poles. According to Bernard, Byrd discovered lush vegetation and forests deep within
the bounds of the polar landscape, as well as an entrance which led to the inner Earth. Bernard believed that the phenomena of unidentified flying objects are evidence of the technology of other life forms but that they do not originate from outer
space but in fact from the hidden territoiries of the inner Earth. This is an example of the recurring theme, of the claims made that the government is complicit, with alien groups, concerning the existence of subterranean bases and high technology.
Bernard's book The Hollow Earth is an excellent source for studying the idea of an inner Earth. In his dedication within the text, Bernard
quotes Byrd: "The Greatest Geographical Discovery in Human History - That enchanted Continent in the Sky, Land of Everlasting Mystery! - I'd like to see that land beyond the (North) Pole. That area beyond the Pole is the Center of the Great Unknown"
(Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd). Bernard says "The above two statements by the greatest explorer in modern times, Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd of the United States Navy, cannot be understood nor make any sense according to old geographical theories
that the earth is a solid sphere with a fiery core, on which both North and South Poles are fixed points. If such was the case, and if Admiral Byrd flew for 1,700 and 2,300 miles respectively across North and South Poles, to the icy and snowbound
lands that lie on the other side, whose geography is fairly well known, it would be incomprehensible for him to make such a statement, referring to this territory on the other side of the Poles as "the great unknown". Also, he would have no reason
to use such a term as "Land of Everlasting Mystery". Byrd was not a poet, and what he described was what he observed from his airplane. During his Arctic flight of 1,700 miles beyond the North Pole he reported by radio that he saw below him, not ice
and snow, but land areas consisting of mountains, forests, green vegetation, lakes and rivers, and in the underbrush saw a strange animal resembling the mammoth found frozen in Arctic ice. Evidently he had entered a warmer region than the icebound
Territory that extends from the Pole to Siberia. If Byrd had this region in mind he would have no reason to call it the "Great Unknown", since it could be reached by flying across the Pole to the other side of the Arctic region.". In his book Bernard
summarises his conclusions thus: "From the evidence contained in this book, confirmed by many Arctic explorers whom we cite, we come to the following conclusions: 1. There is really no North or South Pole. Where they are supposed to exist there are
really wide openings to the hollow interior of the Earth. 2. Flying saucers come from the hollow interior of the Earth through these polar openings. 3. The hollow interior of the earth, warmed by its central sun (the source of Aurora Borealis) has
an ideal subtropical climate of about 76 degrees in temperature, neither too hot nor too cold. 4. Arctic explorers found the temperature to rise as they traveled far north; they found more open seas; they found animals traveling north in winter, seeking
food and warmth, when they should have gone south; they found the compass needle to assume a vertical position instead of a horizontal one and to become extremely eccentric; they saw tropical birds and more animal life the further north they went;
they saw butterflies, mosquitoes and other insects in the extreme north, when they were not found until one is as far south as Alaska and Canada; they found the snow discolored by colored pollen and black dust, which became worse the further north
they went. The only explanation is that this dust came from active volcanoes in the polar opening. 5. There is a large population inhabiting the inner concave surface of the Earth's crust, composing a civilization far in advance of our own in its
scientific achievements, which probably descended from the sunken continents of Lemuria and Atlantis. Flying saucers are only one of their many achievements. It would be to our advantage to contact these Elder Brothers of the human race, learn from
them and receive their advice and aid. 6. The existence of a polar opening and land beyond the Poles is probably known to the U.S. Navy in whose employ Admiral Byrd made his two historic flights and which is probably a top international secret.".
You can read the full text here.
NORTH POLE HOLE 'NASA images show giant hole at North Pole leading to hollow Earth' conspiracy theorists claim
It has been claimed the Earth’s middle has its own Sun and is roamed by “monstrous animals resembling the mammoth”.
These images reveal NASA is hiding a huge hole leading directly to the centre of the Earth, conspiracy theorists
have claimed. The “devastating” pictures are said to support the bizarre theory the planet’s core is actually hollow
– and there is another world hidden inside.
TRIP TO CENTRE OF EARTH In the 1820s, the Hollow Earth Theory had two powerful advocates. They went to the United
States Congress to lobby for a sponsored expedition to the center of the Earth. Congress turned them down, but one
president said yes. John Cleves Symmes was an American army officer, born during the Revolutionary War, who spent
his life advancing a few revolutionary ideas, including the notion that the Earth was completely hollow, and built
as inhabitable concentric spheres (his ideas were revolutionary, not good.) ...
JOURNEY Conspiracy theorists get a bad rap these days, and rightfully so. But it wasn't always the case. I remember
it wasn't all that long ago, back when I was working night shift in the oil patch, we would kill time by turning
on Coast to Coast AM with George Noory. If you haven't heard this show, it can turn even the blandest talk radio
into a fantasy wonderland—it was almost innocent in a way that has been lost to maniacs on YouTube ranting about
racist conspiracies and how putting things into water can turn the frogs gay.
CONSPIRACY Late at night, on October 4 2002, a strange guest appeared on a cult American radio show. Coast to
Coast AM with Art Bell had a reputation for exploring weird themes with fascinating guests, but few had ever sounded
as excited as this one. Dallas Thompson was a former personal trainer who had spent his youth in Hawaii but now lived
in Bakersfield, California. His life had changed forever following a terrible accident, five years earlier.
RAPPELING MOST PEOPLE'S IDEA of a good night's sleep involves a plush mattress, blackout shades, and maybe some
sleeping pills. But Ulla Lohmann catches her best zzz's hundreds of feet deep inside a rumbling volcano, lava casting
a red glow all around. "It's like a night light," she says. The German photographer loves volcanoes so much her husband
proposed to her atop one, and then the couple honeymooned on another.
NEW YEAR IN EDEN 7/4/2017. On May 31st I was interviewed by some Frenchmen that are doing a video documentary
on the significance of the year 1947. One of them, Marc Gray, could speak English. They wanted to know what I thought
about the year 1947 as a turning point in history from the Hollow Earth point of view. We discussed Operation High
Jump that went to Antarctica in the latter half of 1946 and returned in the first two months of 1947. It consisted
of 4,700 men, an aircraft carrier, a submarine, a destroyer, and some icebreaker ships led by Admiral Richard E.
Byrd to the Antarctic to investigate where the hundreds of thousands of Germans escaped to at the end of World War
COL. WOODARD Retired Colonel Billie Faye Woodard and twin sister, Zuria were born in our hollow earth, and delivered
to outer earth on September 18, 1951. They were born with exceptional abilities. Billie can remember their parents
talking to them as babies. Soon after their birth, their hollow earth parents told them they would not be living
with them any longer. They were taken to Wichita Falls, Texas and put in a litter barrel garbage container in a park
where a passing park attendant and a police officer heard them crying. They were retrieved and put in an orphanage
and about 5 years later were adopted by a US Air Force Colonel Woodard, his wife and two sons.
MARS IS HOLLOW Clearly Visible below in this Hubble Space Telescope photo is the North Polar Opening of Mars.
It appears like a huge depression in the planet's surface like a giant crater, so big you can see the clouds down
inside on the sides of the polar opening. NASA admits these are water "ice" clouds, so the interior of Mars must
have water. And if water, then very likely the interior of Mars could harbor life nurtured by an interior sun. Click
here to see an image of Mars where it's interior sun is lighting up the clouds over it's north pole during winter
when our Sun does not reach the north pole...
VIKINGS IN THE INNER EARTHWill the ZR-1 Discover a Polar Paradise? Here is one of the most outstanding stories
of scientific possibility ever published. Commander Green's exclusive article has all the pungency of romantic fiction;
at the same time it is founded on scientific observations of a veteran arctic explorer, and corroborated by fascinating
legends of the Eskimos. Not since the days of Columbus has any venture held such power of gripping the world's imagination
as the proposed voyage of the ZR-1.
THE GODESS OF ATVATABAR I had been asleep when a terrific noise awoke me. I rose up on my couch in the cabin and gazed wildly around, dazed with the feeling that something extraordinary had happened...
ETIDORPHA My name was Johannes Llewellyn Llongollyn Drury. I was named Llewellyn at my mother's desire, out of respect to her father, Dr. Evan Llewellyn, the scientist and speculative philosopher, well known to ...'
MESSAGES FROM THE HOLLOW EARTH Greetings from the Hollow Earth! I am Mikos and I dwell inside your Earth. I am reaching up to you in consciousness, to impart our frequency to you as you read ...
AT THE EARTH'S CORE IN THE FIRST PLACE PLEASE BEAR IN MIND THAT I do not expect you to believe this story. Nor could you wonder had you witnessed a recent experience of mine when, in the armor of ...'
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Dowe, Phil, 2000, “The case for time travel”, Philosophy, 75: 441–51. –––, 2001, “Causal loops and the independence of causal facts”, Philosophy of Science, 68: S89–S97. –––, 2003, “The coincidences of time travel”, Philosophy
of Science, 70: 574–89. Dummett, Michael, 1964, “Bringing about the past”, Philosophical Review, 73: 338–59.
Gardner, Marshall B. A journey to the earth's interior; or, Have the poles really been discovered. Aurora, Ill., 1913. 69 p. illus., plates (part col.), port. QB638.G3 ---- ------ Rev. and enl. Aurora, Ill., 1920. 456 p.
illus., plates (part col.), port. QB638.G3 1920
Gardner, Martin. "Flat and hollow." In his Fads and fallacies in the name of science. [Rev. and expanded ed.] New York, Dover Publications  p. 16-27. Q173.G35 1957 Bibliographic references included in "Appendix
and Notes" (p. 326-327). The part of this chapter treating hollow-earth theories discusses the ideas of J. C. Symmes, Marshall B. Gardner, and C. R. Teed (Koresh), among others.
Gardner, Martin. "Notes of a fringe-watcher: Occam's razor and the nutshell earth." Skeptical inquirer, v. 12, summer 1988: 355-358. illus. BF1001.S47, v. 12 Discusses variations of the hollow-earth idea and their proponents.
Reprinted with an addendum in his On the Wild Side, p. -22 (Buffalo, N.Y., Prometheus Books  Q173.G353 1992).
Gustaitis, Joseph. "The hole truth of John Cleves Symmes." American history illustrated, v. 19, Nov. 1984: 32-33. port. E171.A574, v. 19
Harp, Mark R. "Hollow earth: big secret, big evidence." Search magazine, no. 177, winter 1988/89: 18-21. illus. TL789.A1S4, 1988 "Is our Earth hollow or not? It's an old question, but an easy one to answer. 'Of
course, it is!'" Based on the writings of Marshall B. Gardner.
Henseling, Robert. "Hohlwelt" In his Umstrittenes Weltbild: Astrologie; Welteislehre; Um Erdgestalt und Weltmitte. 5. Aufl. Leipzig, p. Reclam jun. [1941, c1939] p. 318-321. QB25.H45 1941
"Insiders." In Science astray. By the editors of Time-Life Books. Alexandria, Va., Time-Life Books  (Library of curious and unusual facts) p. 111-113. illus. (part col.), port. Q173.S399 1992 About Cyrus
R. Teed and the Koreshans.
Kenton, Edna. "[Earth a hollow sphere]" In her The book of earths. New York, W. Morrow, 1928. p. 238-256. illus., plates. QB631.K45
Kollerstrom, Nick. "The hollow world of Edmond Halley." Journal for the history of astronomy, v. 23, Aug. 1992: 185-192. QB15.J68, v. 23
Lang, Johannes. Einführung in die Hohlwelttheorie. Frankfurt am Main, Schirmer & Mahlau, 1939. 38 p. illus.
Lang, Johannes. Die Hohlwelttheorie. 2., verm. Aufl. Frankfurt am Main, Schirmer & Mahlau, 1938. 281 p. illus.
Lang, Johannes. Das neue Weltbild der Hohlwelttheorie. München, Bielmannen-Verlag, 1949. 113 p. illus.
Lang, Johannes. Die Welt eine Hohlkugel! Frankfurt am Main, Schirmer & Mahlau, 1936. 32 p. illus.
Lang, Johannes. Die Widerlegung des kopernikanischen Weltbildes. Eine Antwort auf die "Stellungnahme zur Hohlwelttheorie" seitens des "Kosmos," der "Umschau" und des Astronomen Dr. Bohrmann von
der Landes-Sternwarte Heidelberg. Frankfurt am Main, Schirmer & Mahlau, 1939. 58 p. illus.
"Leben wir in einer Hohlkugel?" Kosmos, 34. Jahrg., Sept. 1937: 319-320. Q3.K8, v. 34 See also "Ein Wort zur 'Hohlweltlehre,'" signed Graff, in v. 36, Aug. 1939, p. 287-288.
Ley, Willy. "For your information: the hollow earth." Galaxy science fiction, v. 11, Mar. 1956:71-81. illus. PZ1.A1G3, v. 11
[McBride, James] Symmes's theory of concentric spheres; demonstrating that the earth is hollow, habitable within, and widely open about the poles. By a citizen of the United States. Cincinnati,
Morgan, Lodge and Fisher, 1826. 168 p. QB638.S9727 Rare Bk. Coll.
Madden, E. F. "Symmes and his theory." Harper's new monthly magazine, v. 65, Oct. 1882: 740-744. illus., port. AP2.H3, v. 65 Reprinted as "John Cleves Symmes Revisited" in American History
Illustrated, v. 20, May 1985, p. 40-43 (E171.A574, v. 20).
Mamak, Zbigniew. "Is the earth hollow?" Fate, v. 33, July 1980: 47-52; Aug.: 80-86. BF1995.F2, v. 33
Matthews, Thomas J. A lecture on Symmes' theory of concentric spheres, read at the Western Museum. Cincinnati, A. N. Deming, Printer, 1824. 14 p. QB638.S973 Rare Bk. Coll. Closely trimmed;
part of text cut away.
Michell, John. "The community that dwelt within the earth." In his Eccentric lives and peculiar notions. San Diego, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich  p. 41-50. plates, port. CT9990.M5
1984 About Cyrus Teed and his Koreshan movement. The plates follow p. 32; no. 8-11 concern Teed and his activities.
Miller, William M. "The theory of concentric spheres." Isis, v. 33, Dec. 1941: 507-514. illus. Q1.I7, v. 33 See Daniel Norman's letter, "The Fantastic Theory of Concentric Spheres,"
and comments by George Sarton in v. 34, summer 1942, p. 29-30; also I. Bernard Cohen's letter, "The Theory of Concentric Spheres Again," in v. 35, autumn 1944, p. 333-334.
Mitchell, Alexander, of Ohio? A treatise on natural philosophy, in vindication of Symmes's theory of the earth being a hollow sphere. Eaton [Ohio] Printed by S. Tizzard, 1826.
24 p. QB638.S974 Rare Bk. Coll.
Moore, Patrick. "Hollow earths and solid skies." In his Can you speak Venusian? A guide to the independent thinkers. [Newton Abbot, David & Charles, 1972] p. 30-38. illus. QB52.M66
Müller, Paul A. Welträtzel Universum. Astronomie im Kreuzverhör; eine kritische Untersuchung. München, Bielmannen-Verlag  272 p. illus. QB52.M8 Much of the book deals
with the hollow-earth theory.
Neupert, Karl. Die neue Aera: das kosmozentrische Welt-System. Entdeckung des Welt-Baues. Zürich, F. Zimmerli, 1933. 15 p. QB981.N4
Neupert, Karl. Umsturz des Welt-Alls. Eine Widerlegung des kopernikanischen Weltbildes und Aufstellung des Erdwelt-Systems. Das Weltall eine optische Täuschung. [Memmingen,
1929] 172 p., 30 p. of plates. illus. MLCS 87/4094 (Q)
Neupert, Karl. Umwälzung! Das Weltbild der Zukunft. Augsburg  62 p. illus., port. 4QB-77
Neupert, Karl. Unwälzung der Welt-Anschauungen. Der Sternhimmel ist optische Täuschung. Zürich, F. Zimmerli  72 p. illus.
Neupert, Karl. Welt-Wendung! Inversion of the universe. Augsburg  20 p. DN-Ob
"Oh, Mr. Copericus!" Time, v. 50, July 14, 1947: 59. illus. AP2.T37, v. 50 Partly about Antonio Duran Navarro who believes that "the universe, 8,000 miles in diameter,
is contained within the earth." See the letters from T. W. Lippert and Felix Sutton, headed "Inside Earth," in the July 28 issue, p. 6, pointing out that Duran
Navarro's ideas are not original.
Patnick, Jo. "The 'hollow' man." American Mercury, v. 90, May 1960: 145-149. AP2.A37, v. 90 "John Cleves Symmes had strange theories about the earth's interior."
Peck, John "W. Symmes' theory." Ohio archaeological and historical quarterly, v. 18, Jan. 1909: 28-42. F486.O51, v. 18
Randi, James. "Hollow earth theory." In his An encyclopedia of claims, frauds, and hoaxes of the occult and supernatural. New York, St. Martin's Press 
p. 117-118. illus. BF1407.R36 1995 James Randi's decidedly skeptical definitions of alternate realities.
Reed, William. The phantom of the poles. New York, W. S. Rockey Co., 1906. 283 p. illus., plates, ports. MicRR 30237 "The earth is hollow. The poles so
long sought are but phantoms."
Reynolds, Jeremiah N. Remarks on a review of Symmes' theory, which appeared in the American Quarterly Review, by a "citizen of the United States." Washington,
Printed by Gales & Seaton, 1827. 75 p. QB638.S975 Rare Bk. Coll.
Sherman, M. L. The hollow globe; or, The world's agitator and reconciler. A treatise on the physical conformation of the earth. Presented through the
organism of M. L. Sherman, M.D., and written by Prof. Wm. F. Lyon. Chicago, Religio-Philosophical Pub. House, 1871. 447 p. illus. BF1291.S55 ----
------ [2d ed.] Chicago, Sherman & Lyon, 1875. 455 p. BF1291.S55 1875
Sifakis, Carl. "Gardner, Marshall B. (1854-1937): 'the genius unappreciated'." In his American eccentrics. New York, Facts on File Publications 
p. 182-183. CT9990.S53 1984
Sifakis, Carl. "Symmes, John Cleves (1780-1829): the hollow earther." In his American eccentrics. New York, Facts on File Publications  p.
58-60. port. CT9990.S53 1984
Sifakis, Carl. "Teed, Cyrus Reed (1839-1908): the inside-out man." In his American eccentrics. New York, Facts on File Publications  p.
135-138. port. CT9990.S53 1984
Smith, Warren. This hollow earth. London, Sphere Books  188 p. QE509.S63 1997
Symmes, Elmore. "John Cleves Symmes, the theorist". Southern bivouac, new ser., v. 2, Feb.-Apr. 1887: 555-566, 621-631, 682-693. illus.,
ports. E482.S68, n.s., v. 2
Symmes, John C. The Symmes theory of concentric spheres, demonstrating that the earth is hollow, habitable within, and widely open about
the poles. Compiled by Americus Symmes from the writings of his father, Capt. John Cleves Symmes. [2d ed.] Louisville, Ky., Printed by
Bradley & Gilbert, 1878  69 p. port. QB638.S97 Rare Bk. Coll.
"Symmes's theory." American quarterly review, v. 1, Mar. 1827: 235-253. AP2.A4, v. 1 On McBride's book.
[Teed, Cyrus R.] and Ulysses G. Morrow. The cellular cosmogony; or, The earth a concave sphere. pt. 1. "The universology of Koreshanity",
by Koresh [pseud.] pt. 2. "The new geodesy," by Professor U. G. Morrow. Chicago, Guiding Star Pub. House, 1899 [c1898] 194 p. illus.,
plates (part fold.), port. QB638.T25 ---- ------ [Estero enl. ed.] Estero, Fla., Guiding Star Pub. House, 1905. 212 p. illus. (part
fold.), facsims. (part fold.), plates, port. QB638.T25 1905 ---- ------ Estero, Fla., Guiding Star Pub. House, 1922. 224 p. illus.
(part fold.), plates, port. QB638.T26 ---- ------ Philadelphia, Porcupine Press, 1975. 212 p. illus., plates. (The American Utopian
adventure, ser. 2) QB631.T4 1975 Reprint of the 1905 ed.
Wallace, Irving. "The explorer of the hollow earth." In his The square pegs; some Americans who dared to be different. New York,
A. A. Knopf, 1957. p. 223-242. port. CT9990.W3 About John Cleves Symmes. The portrait faces p. 209.
Zirkle, Conway. "The theory of concentric spheres: Edmund Halley, Cotton Mather, & John Cleves Symmes." Isis, v. 37, July 1947:
155-159. illus. Q1.I7, v. 37